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Ensure Flight Plan is Loaded Properly
It is very important that you properly create, save and load a flight before setting off on your journey. For an overview of the requirements, please refer to the section entitled:

    How to Properly Load a Flight Plan and a Flight

in the IYP Flight Deck Doc manual that can be downloaded from the:



Get Weather
Automatic Terminal Information Service (ATIS) is a continuous broadcast of recorded non-control information containing essential information such as weather reports, which runways are active, available approaches, and other information required by the pilots, such as important NOTAMs.

If you are at an airport with ATIS services or an automated weather facility, then during the checklist procedures, Michelle will ask you to...

    "Get weather"
You can reply with either...

    "Get local weather", or "Get A T I S"
to get the information. After listening to the report, you can say either,

    "We have the weather", or "I have the weather"
and the checklist will proceed with Michelle asking you to set the altimeter.

NOTE: If you have previously activated the IYP "Auto-Altimeter" facility, you can simply respond with, "Confirmed", since by definition, the altimeter is properly set.

NOTE: If the departing airport does not have ATIS or an automated weather service, then Michelle will side step this checklist item and merely ask you to set the altimeter. If you have NOT activated the IYP "Auto-Altimeter" facility, then you can simply press the "B" key to set altimeter to the current Barometric pressure.



Departing from a Non-Towered Airport

Request IFR Clearance

During the checklist procedures, Michelle will call out, "Request IFR clearance". You ask her to...

    "Request IFR Clearance"

Michelle will activate the correct key presses and then send the IFR Clearance request to ATC. They will respond with directives, principally indicating the Climb Out Altitude and the Squawk Code. Please make a mental note of this information. Once ATC has completed the dialogue, you tell Michelle to acknowledge the instructions by saying to her...

    "Acknowledge IFR clearance" or simply "Acknowledge"

Michelle will read-back the confirmation to ATC, after which they will acknowledge the receipt. You then say to Michelle...

    "We have IFR clearance" or simply "We have clearance"

and the checklist continues.

NOTE: Pay far more attention to the climb out altitude than to the transponder Squawk Code. Why? Because, the Microsoft system automatically loads the Transponder Squawk Code for you. Thus, in response to Michelle's query,

    "Transponder set?"
you can simply respond with,
    “Affirmative”
In other words, there's really no need for you to say something like, "Squawk 1234".

Michelle will then ask you to set the altitude. You will respond with whatever ATC had called for. For example, you might respond with...

    "Make the altitude 8,000"


Announce Taxi Intentions

The next ATC related item that will be advanced in the checklist sequence, is a request by Michelle for you to Announce Taxi Intentions. She will say,

    “Announce Taxi Intentions”

You simply echo the same phrase to perfect the request by instructing Michelle to,

    “Announce Taxi Intentions”

Michelle will calculate the most suitable runway for take off based upon the prevailing winds, available runways lengths, etc. She will then activate the correct key presses and send your taxi intentions to the local traffic monitoring the radios.

Once Michelle has made the announcement, the checklist procedures continue.

NOTE: If the assigned runway is 7, then when Michelle asks,

    “Heading indicator set to take off heading?”

simply multiply the Runway value by 10 to obtain the degrees. In this case Runway 7 results in 070. So, you respond with:

    “Make the heading 0 7 0”


Announce Take Off Intentions

The next Microsoft ATC related item that will be advanced, happens during the Before Take Off checklist where Michelle will ask you to announce your Take Off Intentions. She will say...

    “Announce Take Off Intentions”

Here again, you simply echo the same phrase to perfect the request by instructing Michelle to...

    “Announce Take Off Intentions”

Michelle will determine the heading you will be going to after take off based upon the filed flight plan and make the corresponding announcement to the local traffic who are monitoring the radio frequency.

Once Michelle has made the announcement, the checklist procedures continue.



Departing from a Towered Airport

Request IFR Clearance

During the checklist procedures, Michelle will call out, "Request IFR clearance". You ask her to...

    "Request IFR Clearance"

Michelle will activate the correct key presses and then send the IFR Clearance request to ATC. They will respond with directives, principally indicating the Climb Out Altitude and the Squawk Code. Please make a mental note of this information. Once ATC has completed the dialogue, you tell Michelle to acknowledge the instructions by saying to her...

    "Acknowledge IFR clearance" or simply "Acknowledge"

Michelle will read-back the confirmation to ATC, after which they will acknowledge the receipt. You then say to Michelle...

    "We have IFR clearance" or simply "We have clearance"

and the checklist continues.

NOTE: Pay far more attention to the climb out altitude than to the transponder Squawk Code. Why? Because, the Microsoft system automatically loads the Transponder Squawk Code for you. Thus, in response to Michelle's query,

    "Transponder set?"
you can simply respond with,
    "Affirmative"
In other words, there's really no need for you to say something like, "Squawk 1234".

Michelle will then ask you to set the altitude. You will respond with whatever ATC had called for. For example, you might respond with...

    "Make the altitude 8,000"


Request Taxi Clearance

The next ATC related item that will be advanced, is a request by Michelle for you to obtain Taxi Clearance. She will say,

    “Request taxi clearance”

You simply echo the same phrase to perfect the request by instructing Michelle to...

    “Request taxi clearance”

Once again, Michelle will activate the correct key presses and send the Taxi request to ATC. They will respond with their directives, by principally indicating the Assigned Runway for Take Off and the Taxi Route.

NOTE: Our Blind and Visually Impaired (BVI) pilots need not concern themselves with the Taxi Route, since they’ll be asking Michelle to automatically move them to the assigned runway.

Once ATC has completed their delivery, you tell Michelle to acknowledge the instructions by saying to her...

    “Acknowledge taxi clearance”, or simply "Acknowledge"

She will do so. Once she's finished confirming the directives, and ATC confirms its receipt, you then say to Michelle...

    “We have taxi clearance”, or simply, "We have clearance"

and the checklist procedures continue.

NOTE: If the assigned runway is, for example, 7, then when Michelle asks...

    “Heading indicator set to take off heading?”

simply multiply the runway value by 10 to obtain the degrees. In this case runway 7 results in 070. So, you respond with:

    “Make the heading 0 7 0”


Progressive Taxi Markings

You can also ask Michelle to turn progressive taxi markings on/off by saying to her...

    "Progressive taxi on", or, "Progressive taxi off"

respectively.


Request Take Off Clearance

The next Microsoft ATC related item that will be advanced, is a request by Michelle for you to obtain Take Off Clearance as part of the Before Take Off checklist. She will say...

    “Request take off clearance”

Again, you simply echo the same phrase to perfect the request by instructing Michelle to...

    “Request take off clearance”

Michelle will activate the correct key presses and send the take off clearance request to the Tower. They will respond with either a directive to hold due to other aircraft on the runway or on approach, instruct you to move into position and hold, or provide you with take off clearance.

If the Tower instructs you to hold position, simply ask Michelle to...

    “Acknowledge”

If the Tower instructs you to move into position and hold, simply ask Michelle to...

    “Taxi into position and hold”

Once ATC grants you take off clearance, you tell Michelle to acknowledge the instructions by saying to her...

    “Acknowledge take off clearance”, or simply "Acknowledge"

She will do so. You then say...

    “We have take off clearance”

and the checklist procedures continue.

NOTE: if you are required to hold for other aircraft, Michelle will continue to nag you with “Request take off clearance” . You can temporarily button her up by saying, "Please wait" or "Wait a minute". Then, after you and Michelle receive take off clearance, you simply say to Michelle, "Please continue", and she'll become her natural nag!



En Route ATC Communications

After Departing from a Non-Towered Airport

After taking off from a non-towered airport, Michelle will automatically initiate ATC contact for you as you climb above 500 feet AGL (Above Ground Level), so please be patient. Typically, ATC will give you preliminary directions to the first waypoint as set forth in your flight plan. After receiving this instruction, say to Michelle,

    “Acknowledge instruction”, or simply, “Acknowledge”

then tell Michelle to set the heading. She will confirm her actions and report the heading.


After Departing from a Towered Airport

After taking off from a towered airport, the Tower will hand you off to another Air Traffic Controller. You acknowledge the hand off by saying to Michelle,

    “Acknowledge hand off”, or simply "Acknowledge"
You then can ask Michelle to, for example,

    “Contact Vancouver Departure", “Contact next controller", or simply, "Contact controller"
Michelle will change the Com 1 frequency, report its new frequency, then automatically contact the controller.

Typically ATC will give you preliminary directions to the first waypoint as set forth in your flight plan. After receiving this instruction, say to Michelle,

    "Acknowledge instruction", or simply, "Acknowledge"

Then tell Michelle to set the heading. She will confirm her actions and report the heading.


ATC En Route Directives and Communications


Setting a New Altitude
When ATC instructs you to climb and maintain a new altitude, have Michelle acknowledge the instruction by saying,

    “Acknowledge instruction”, or simply, “Acknowledge”

Then tell Michelle to set the new altitude or flight level by saying, for example,

    “Make the altitude one seven thousand”, or "Climb and maintain flight level 210"


Setting a New Heading
When ATC instructs you to turn to a new heading, have Michelle acknowledge the instruction by asking her to,

    "Acknowledge instruction", or simply, "Acknowledge"

Then tell Michelle to set the new heading by saying, for example,

    "Make the heading one seven zero", or "Turn left heading one six five"


Proceed on Course
Whenever you hear ATC say the following key phrase as part of a directive...

    ...“proceed on course”...

say to Michelle,

    “Resume G P S navigation”

This is a VERY IMPORTANT consideration, because by instructing Michelle to “resume G P S navigation”, you are actually telling Michelle to do two things:

  1. Change the NAV / GPS switch from NAV to GPS
  2. Set the VOR switch ON and set HDG OFF

This will cause the aircraft to fly along the filed GPS route.

NOTE: You can ask Michelle to do these two actions independently by saying,

    "Set NAV GPS on GPS"
    "Set Heading VOR on VOR"

EXTREMELY IMPORTANT NOTE:
After you say to Michelle, “Resume G P S navigation”, if ATC offers you ANY other heading changes during your ascent, simply ACKNOWLEGDE and IGNORE them. Since you’re already flying the GPS Route, you do not want to issue heading changes to Michelle, otherwise she will...

  1. Change the NAV / GPS switch from GPS back to NAV
  2. Set the VOR switch OFF and set HDG ON

and we don't want that. So, simply ask Michelle to acknowledge the ATC instruction by saying,

    “Acknowledge instruction”, or simply, “Acknowledge”


Traffic in the Area
If ATC states that you have traffic in your area, and asks you to report that you have the traffic in sight, simply say,

    "Traffic in sight", or "We have the traffic"


Hand Off to Next Controller
At some point during the flight, your Air Traffic Controller will hand you off to another controller by saying something like...

    "Pacifica 123. Contact Boston Center on 123.25."

Acknowledge the hand off by asking Michelle to,

    “Acknowledge hand off”, or simply, “Acknowledge”
then say to Michelle...

    “Contact Boston Center", “Contact next controller", or simply “Contact controller”
Michelle will change the Com 1 frequency, report its frequency and make contact.


Leaving the GPS Route for an ILS Approach
When ATC says, for example,

    "Turn left heading 2 7 0. Expect vectors ILS approach runway 26"

this is an IMPORTANT directive. The key phrase here is

    ... "expect vectors"....

Ask Michelle to...

    "Acknowledge assigned approach", or simply, "Acknowledge"
After the ATC acknowledgement has been made, say to Michelle, for example,
    "Turn left heading 2 7 0"

IMPORTANT NOTE Once you instruct Michelle to turn to a specific heading, she again performs two actions. Namely, she will...

  1. Change the NAV / GPS switch from GPS to NAV
  2. Set the VOR switch OFF and set HDG ON

This means that you are no longer flying on the GPS route. Rather, ATC will now guide you all of the way to the destination airport by providing you with periodic heading and altitude changes.

IMPORTANT NOTE: On many aircraft instrument panels, the aforementioned "NAV" switch is called "HDG". In other words, NAV and HDG are synonymous.


Setting the ILS Approach Frequency
If ATC has vectored you to an ILS approach, for example Runway 26, then say to Michelle,

    "Load the ILS Approach Frequency for Runway 26"

She will confirm the action by saying, for example,

    “Navigation 1 set to ILS approach frequency of 111.95 for runway 26”
immediately followed by, for example,

    “I have set the Course to 2 6 2”

IMPORTANT NOTE: You may occasionally hear Michelle report...

    "The chosen runway does not have an I L S approach."
    "However, Navigation 1 is set to the back course frequency of 111.95 for runway 26."

REFERENCE: Please refer to the section entitled:

    Making an ILS Back Course Approach

on PAGE 22 of the IYP Flight Deck Doc manual located in the Resource Centre.

EXTREMELY IMPORTANT NOTE FOR OUR BLIND AND VISUALLY IMPAIRED PILOTS

Since glide slope information is not provided on a back course approach, please do not attempt to conduct a back course approach. Rather, ask Michelle to perform a Visual Approach once ATC has turned you onto BASE. Thank you.


Leaving the GPS Route for a Visual Approach
When ATC says, for example,

    "Turn left heading 2 7 0. Expect vectors visual approach runway 26"

this is an IMPORTANT directive. The key phrase here is

    ... "expect vectors"....

Ask Michelle to...

    "Acknowledge assigned approach", or simply, "Acknowledge"
After the ATC acknowledgement has been made, say to Michelle, for example,
    "Turn left heading 2 7 0"

IMPORTANT NOTE Once you instruct Michelle to turn to a specific heading, she again performs two actions. Namely, she will...

  1. Change the NAV / GPS switch from GPS to NAV
  2. Set the VOR switch OFF and set HDG ON

This means that you are no longer flying on the GPS route. Rather, ATC will now guide you all of the way to the destination airport by providing you with periodic heading and altitude changes.

IMPORTANT NOTE: On many aircraft instrument panels, the aforementioned "NAV" switch is called "HDG". In other words, NAV and HDG are synonomous.


Making Your Co-Pilot Aware of the Assigned Runway!
If ATC has vectored you to a Visual approach, for example Runway 26, then say to Michelle,

    "Expect vectors Visual Runway 26 approach."

She will confirm the action by saying, for example,

    “Roger. We'll be landing runway Visual 26.”
immediately followed by, for example,

    “I have set the Course to 2 6 2”

Starting Your Descent
When ATC instructs that you start your descent, you acknowledge the instruction by once again saying to Michelle,

    "Acknowledge instruction", or simply, "Acknowledge"

Then tell Michelle to descend to the new altitude or flight level by saying, for example,

    "Descend and maintain flight level 210", or, "Descend and maintain four thousand"

IMPORTANT NOTE:
After issuing a command to Michelle to start the descent, it is CRITICALLY IMPORTANT that you IMMEDIATELY execute the descent checklist by saying,

    "Descent checklist"

If you fail to execute the descent checklist in a timely manner, Michelle will be unable to control the rate and speed of the descent. Given that Michelle is still controlling your airspeed, she will determine the optimum rate of descent based upon your distance to the destination airport given your current ground speed.


Landing at a Non-Towered Airport

Performing an ILS Approach at a Non-Towered Airport

    "A great landing is always preceded by a good approach" - Robert Cezar

As you approach the destination airport, you need to decide (well in advance), who will be landing the aircraft.

There are only two ways to perform a landing:

  1. You can land the airplane
  2. You can ask Michelle to perform the landing (if aircraft supported)

More on this subject matter below...

On BASE
As you approach the destination airport, it is important that you understand when your aircraft is established on BASE. The term BASE is used to define when the aircraft is approximately 90 degrees off of the assigned runway bearing.

For example, let's say we’ve been assigned to ILS runway 18 with a course bearing of 182. Therefore, if we are making a left downwind approach, we will add 90 degrees to 180 and calculate a BASE bearing of approximately 270 degrees – plus or minus 5 degrees.

IMPORTANT UNDERSTANDING: In aviation, EVERYTHING direction wise, is said to be relative to the pilot's perspective sitting in the cockpit. Ergo, left down wind simply means all your turns will be to the left. In other words, you are actually flying down the right side of the runway while flying left downwind.

Alternatively, if we were making a right downwind approach, we’d be looking for a heading of 180 degrees less 90 degrees, or approximately 090 degrees – plus or minus 5 degrees when on BASE.

Once on BASE, we’re anxiously awaiting instructions from ATC to turn us to a bearing of approximately 30 degrees off of the destination runway. Once the aircraft turns towards the runway, Michelle will say, "Captain, this might be a good time to do the Approach Checklist". This is also the most hectic time in the cockpit. Thank goodness we have Michelle!


Turning Towards Final Approach
When ATC says, for example,

    Mooney Tango Mike Bravo, you are 14 miles Northeast
    Turn left heading 210
    Climb and maintain 3,600
    Cleared ILS runway 18 approach
    Maintain 3,600 until established on the Localizer
    Switch to Advisory on 122.9

you say to Michelle,

    “Acknowledge Approach Clearance”, or simply, “Acknowledge”

and Michelle will deliver the acknowledgement to ATC. After the ATC acknowledgement has been made, say to Michelle, for example,

    “Turn left heading 210”

This turns the aircraft towards Final, approximately 30 degrees off of the runway bearing (180+30=210 degrees), so that the aircraft can intersect the Localizer.

EXTREMELY IMPORTANT NOTE:
I cannot stress enough how very important it is that you IMMEDIATELY execute the Approach checklist at this time by saying to Michelle,

    “Approach checklist”

Do not concern yourself with expeditiously contacting the Local Traffic at this time-critical juncture. First get the Approach Checklist underway - AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.

If you will be doing the landing...
When Michelle asks you as part of the Approach checklist whether or not you want her to assist you, answer with...

    "Negative", or, "No thanks"

Michelle will run through the checklist procedures, but it will be up to you to operate the flaps, set the speeds and fly the aircraft down to the runway.

If Michelle will be helping you land the aircraft...
When Michelle asks you as part of the Approach checklist whether or not you want her to assist you, answer with...

    "Affirmative", or, "Yes please"
There are two ways in which Michelle can assist you:

  1. You can handle the touch down
  2. Michelle can handle the complete landing procedures (if aircraft supported)
If you want Michelle to handle the complete landing procedures, you can say...

    "I'd like you to handle the landing"

IMPORTANT NOTE: The above condition is "remembered" from flight to flight, session to session. Meaning that, even after you terminate the IYP application, this state is "remembered". Thus, the next time you ask Michelle to assist you with a landing, it remains understood that she will be handling the complete landing procedures. If you want to handle the touch down procedures, then say the phrase...

    "I'll handle the landing"
and this too is "remembered" from flight to flight, session to session.


Contact Local Traffic
After you answer the remaining approach checklist set up questions, you can then contact the local traffic by saying to Michelle,

    “Contact local traffic"

Michelle will change the Com 1 frequency and report its frequency. You can then say to Michelle, for example,

    “Announce position”


Get Local Weather (if available)
After contacting the local traffic, you can get the local weather by asking Michelle to,

    "Get local weather"

After you have finished listening to the report, you say,

    "I have the weather"

and she will automatically switch back to the local traffic frequency.


On Final Approach (with Michelle assisting or performing the landing)
When Michelle detects the Localizer, she’ll say,

    “The localizer’s alive”

When she detects the Glideslope, she’ll say,

    “The glideslope’s alive”

Then, as you approach the runway, she’ll say,

    “Switching to ILS approach mode”

As Michelle actually establishes a lock on the Localizer, she’ll say,

    “Locked on the localizer”
    “Heading preset to runway heading”

At this point you can say to Michelle,

    “Announce on final” or, “Announce on final approach”

and she will make the appropriate announcement to the local traffic.

NOTE: The reason Michelle presets the heading to that of the runway bearing is preparatory in nature. In the event a Go Around is required, and you say,

    “Execute going around”

the aircraft will be flying the runway heading as it climbs out. (see Going Around below)


Capturing the Glideslope
When making an ILS approach, at some point the auto-pilot will capture the glideslope and the aircraft will begin its descent down the glideslope towards the runway.

If Michelle is assisting you with the landing, then as you approach touch down, she will release control of the speed and turn off the auto-pilot so that you can gently put the "puppy" down on the centre line.

If Michelle is performing the entire landing procedures, then she'll pass control of the aircraft back to you after she brings the aircraft to a stop on the runway, and proclaims...

    "Captain - It's Your Plane"


Going Around
If for any reason you need to abort the landing, then BEFORE she calls out "Approaching Minimums", say to Michelle...

    "Execute going around"
She will apply going around thrust, pull up the gear (if so equipped), gradually retract the flaps, begin to climb on the runway heading, and contact ATC to declare a missed approach. ATC will then provide you with directions to conduct another landing.


After Landing

After you leave the runway, wait a few seconds then ask Michelle to...

    "Announce clear of the runway"
NOTE FOR BLIND PILOTS:
After landing, Michelle will bring the aircraft to a complete stop. She'll then say...

    "Captain. I will be exiting the runway shortly so that we can contact ground operations"

Shortly thereafter, Michelle will move the aircraft off the runway and say,

    "Captain. We are clear of the runway."
At this point, a BVI pilot can say,

    "Michelle, let's taxi to general aviation parking"
Michelle will respond with something like...

    "Captain, we'll be taxiing to parking spot 7."
    "Would you like me to run down the Taxi to the Gate or Ramp checklist?"



Performing a Visual Approach at a Non-Towered Airport

    "A great landing is always preceded by a good approach" - Robert Cezar

As you approach the destination airport, Michelle will indicate that unless you plan on having her perform a Visual Approach, you should turn off the auto-pilot.

There are only two ways to perform a landing:

  1. You can land the airplane
  2. You can ask Michelle to perform the landing (if aircraft supported)

More on this subject matter below...

Typically, as you approach the destination airport, ATC will turn you to a heading of approximately 30 degrees off of the runway bearing as you make your way towards final approach. For example, if the assigned runway is Runway 15 (approx. 150 degrees), ATC will vector you to approximately 180 or 120 degrees, depending upon whether you are making a left-based or right based approach respectively. This is your queue to execute the Approach checklist. Ideally, you want to have the aircraft slowed down to approach speed, BEFORE turning onto final approach. Failure by you and Michelle to conduct the Approach checklist, will likely result a poor or failed landing.

If you will land the airplane...
When you execute the approach checklist by saying to Michelle, "Approach Checklist", she will confirm then ask, "Do you want me to assist you?" answer with...

    "Negative", or, "No thanks"

Michelle will still run through the checklist procedures, but it will be up to you to operate the flaps, set the speeds and fly the aircraft down to the runway.

If Michelle will be landing the aircraft...
When Michelle asks you as part of the Approach checklist whether or not you want her to assist you, answer with...

    "Affirmative", or, "Yes please"
There are two ways in which Michelle can assist you:

  1. You can handle the touch down
  2. Michelle can handle the complete landing procedures
If you want Michelle to handle the complete landing procedures, you can say...

    "I'd like you to handle the landing"

IMPORTANT NOTE: The above condition is "remembered" from flight to flight, session to session. Meaning that, even after you terminate the IYP application, this state is "remembered". Thus, the next time you ask Michelle to assist you with a subsequent landing, it remains understood that she will be handling the complete landing procedures. If you want to handle the touch down procedures, then say the phrase...

    "I'll handle the landing"
and this too is "remembered" from flight to flight, session to session.


Have the Runway in Sight
Once on BASE, we’re anxiously awaiting instructions from ATC to turn us to a bearing of approximately 30 degrees off of the destination runway. Shortly thereafter, ATC will vector you towards final approach, provide you with their final directives that may include a new heading, a lower altitude, or both. Once the aircraft turns towards the runway, Michelle will say, "Captain, this might be a good time to do the Approach Checklist". As the aircraft reaches the runway heading, ATC will ask that you... "Report runway in sight".

You would say, using our example...

    "Acknowledge instruction", or simply, "Acknowledge"

Then, you would ask Michelle to set the heading by saying, for example...

    "Turn right heading 150"

She will confirm her actions and report the heading. You then ask Michelle to...

    "Report runway in sight"

Michelle will report that she has the runway in sight.

ATC will then provide you with the final criteria to make your final approach, which may involve a further descent, an updated heading, or both, then instruct you to "Switch to Advisory" on a given frequency so that you can advise the local traffic in the area of your intentions.

If you have elected to have Michelle conduct the landing, simply say, for example,

    "Prepare to make a Visual Approach on Runway 15"
She will respond with something like,

    "Roger. I am turning the aircraft towards the Approach Entry Point"
    "I have set the course to 152"


Contact Local Traffic
Now that you have successfully started the Approach checklist procedures, have received your final directives from ATC, and you're either in the process of landing the aircraft yourself or have asked Michelle to perform the visual approach, you can now ask Michelle to...

    "Contact Local Traffic"

Michelle will change Com1 to the advisory frequency, and after she reports the frequency change to you, you are free to ask her to...

    "Announce Position"

As you turn onto Final Approach, you can ask her to...

    "Announce On Final Approach", or simply, "Announce On Final"


Going Around
If for any reason you need to abort the landing, then BEFORE she calls out "Approaching Minimums", say to Michelle...

    "Execute Going Around"
She will apply Going Around thrust, pull up the gear (if so equipped), gradually retract the flaps, begin to climb on the runway heading, and contact ATC to declare a missed approach. ATC will then provide you with directions to perfect another landing.


After Landing

After you leave the runway, wait a few seconds then ask Michelle to...

    "Announce clear of the runway"
NOTE: At this point, Blind and Visually Impaired (BVI) pilots can say,

    "Michelle, let's taxi to general aviation parking"
Michelle will respond with something like...

    "Captain, we'll be taxiing to parking spot 7."
    "Would you like me to run down the Taxi to the Gate or Ramp checklist?"



Landing at a Towered Airport

Performing an ILS Approach at a Towered Airport

    "A great landing is always preceded by a good approach" - Robert Cezar

As you approach the destination airport, you need to decide well in advance, who will be landing the aircraft.

There are only two ways to perform the landing:

  1. You can land the airplane
  2. You can ask Michelle to perform the landing

More on this subject matter below...

On Base
As you approach the destination airport, it is important that you understand when your aircraft is established on Base. The term Base is defined as, when the aircraft is approximately 90 degrees off of the assigned runway. In this example, we've been assigned to ILS runway 29. Therefore, since we are making a left downwind approach, we will add 90 degrees to 290 and calculate a Base heading of approximately 020 degrees – plus or minus 5 degrees. Alternatively, if we were making a right downwind approach, we'd be looking for a heading of 290 degrees less 90 degrees, or approximately 200 degrees – plus or minus 5 degrees when on Base.

Once on Base, we're anxiously awaiting instructions from ATC to turn us to a bearing of approximately 30 degrees off of the destination runway, because this is our queue to execute the Approach Checklist. This is also the most hectic time in the cockpit. Thank goodness we have Michelle!


Turning Towards Final Approach
When ATC says, for example,

    "Pacifica 723, you are 24 miles Northeast. Turn left heading 265. Descend and maintain 3,000. Cleared ILS runway 24 Left approach. Maintain 3,000 until established on the Localizer. Contact Toronto Tower on 118.7."
you say to Michelle,

    "Acknowledge Approach Clearance", or simply, "Acknowledge"

and Michelle will deliver the acknowledgement to ATC. After the ATC acknowledgement has been made, say to Michelle, for example,

    "Turn left heading 265"

This turns the aircraft towards Final, approximately 30 degrees off of the runway heading, so that the aircraft can intersect the Localizer.

EXTREMELY IMPORTANT NOTE:
I cannot stress enough how very important it is that you IMMEDIATELY execute the Approach checklist at this time by saying to Michelle,

    "Approach checklist"

Do not concern yourself with expeditiously contacting the Tower at this time-critical juncture. First get the Approach Checklist underway - AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.

If you will be doing the landing...
When Michelle asks you as part of the Approach checklist whether or not you want her to assist you, answer with...

    "Negative", or, "No thanks"

Michelle will still run through the checklist procedures, but it will be up to you to operate the flaps, set the speeds and fly the aircraft down to the runway.

If Michelle will be landing the aircraft...
When Michelle asks you as part of the Approach checklist whether or not you want her to assist you, answer with...

    "Affirmative", or, "Yes please"
There are two ways in which Michelle can assist you:

  1. You can handle the touch down
  2. Michelle can handle the complete landing procedures
If you want Michelle to handle the complete landing procedures, you can say...

    "I'd like you to handle the landing"

IMPORTANT NOTE: The above condition is "remembered" from flight to flight, session to session. Meaning that, even after you terminate the IYP application, this state is "remembered". Thus, the next time you ask Michelle to assist you with a subsequent landing, it remains understood that she will be handling the complete landing procedures. If you want to handle the touch down procedures, then say the phrase...

    "I'll handle the landing"
and this too is "remembered" from flight to flight, session to session.


Contact Tower
After you answer the first few set up questions for the approach checklist, and Michelle takes over the approach procedures, then you can ask Michelle to...

    "Contact Toronto Tower" , or simply, "Contact Tower"
The Tower will say something like, "Pacifica 723. Toronto Tower. Continue runway 24 Left. Altimeter 2998". In response, you say to Michelle...
    "Acknowledge Pattern Entry Instructions", or simply, "Acknowledge"


Get local weather
After contacting the Tower, you can get the local weather by asking Michelle to...

    "Get local weather"
After you have finished listening to the report, you say...

    "I have the weather"
and she will automatically switch back to the Tower frequency.


Final Approach
At approximately 2,000 feet AGL, the Tower will say something like, "Pacifica 723. Cleared to land runway 2 4 Left." You respond by saying to Michelle...

    "Acknowledge Landing Clearance", or simply, "Acknowledge".


After Landing
After you make your way off of the runway, the Tower controller will instruct you to contact Ground operations. In response, you ask Michelle to...

    "Acknowledge hand off"
Then you ask Michelle to...
    "Contact Ground
She will do so and report the frequency change.

Commercial Passenger Aircraft
If you are flying a commercial passenger aircraft like a Boeing 737, then you ask Michelle to...

    "Request taxi to the gate"
Ground will provide you with the gate assignment and the taxiing route. You ask Michelle to acknowledge the directive by saying,

    "Acknowledge taxi clearance", or, simply "Acknowledge"
Non-Commercial Aircraft
If you are flying a non-commercial aircraft like a Learjet or a small General Aviation (GA) aircraft, then you ask Michelle to...
    "Request taxi to general aviation parking", or, "Request taxi to parking"
Ground will provide you with the parking spot and the taxiing route. You ask Michelle to acknowledge the directive by saying,

    "Acknowledge taxi clearance", or, simply "Acknowledge"



Performing a Visual Approach at a Towered Airport

    "A great landing is always preceded by a good approach" - Robert Cezar

As you approach the destination airport, Michelle will indicate that unless you intend on having her land the aircraft, you should turn off the auto-pilot.

There are only two ways to perform the landing:

  1. You can land the airplane
  2. You can ask Michelle to perform the landing

Typically, as you approach the destination airport, ATC will turn you to a heading of approximately 30 degrees off of the runway bearing as you make your way towards final approach. For example, if the assigned runway is Runway 15 (approx. 150 degrees), ATC will vector you to either 120 or 180 degrees, depending upon whether we are making a left-based or right based approach respectively. This is your queue to execute the Approach checklist. Ideally, you want to have the aircraft slowed down to approach speed, BEFORE turning onto final approach. Failure by you and Michelle to conduct the Approach checklist, will likely result a poor or failed landing.

If you will land the airplane...
When you execute the approach checklist by saying to Michelle, "Approach Checklist", she will confirm then ask, "Do you want me to assist you?" answer with...

    "Negative", or, "No thanks"

Michelle will still run through the checklist procedures, but it will be up to you to operate the flaps, set the speeds and fly the aircraft down to the runway.

If Michelle will be landing the aircraft...
When Michelle asks you as part of the Approach checklist whether or not you want her to assist you, answer with...

    "Affirmative", or, "Yes please"
There are two ways in which Michelle can assist you:

  1. You can handle the touch down
  2. Michelle can handle the complete landing procedures
If you want Michelle to handle the complete landing procedures, you can say...

    "I'd like you to handle the landing"

IMPORTANT NOTE: The above condition is "remembered" from flight to flight, session to session. Meaning that, even after you terminate the IYP application, this state is "remembered". Thus, the next time you ask Michelle to assist you with a subsequent landing, it remains understood that she will be handling the complete landing procedures. If you want to handle the touch down procedures, then say the phrase...

    "I'll handle the landing"
and this too is "remembered" from flight to flight, session to session.


Have the Runway in Sight
Shortly thereafter, ATC will vector you towards final approach, provide you with their final directives that may include a new heading, a lower altitude, or both. As part of their directive, they will ask that you... "Report runway in sight".

You would say, using our example...

    "Acknowledge instruction", or simply, "Acknowledge"

Then, you would ask Michelle to set the heading by saying, for example...

    "Turn right heading 150"

She will confirm her actions and report the heading. You then ask Michelle to...

    "Report runway in sight"

Michelle will report that she has the runway in sight.

ATC will then provide you with the final criteria to make your final approach, which may involve a further descent, an updated heading, or both, then instruct you to Contact the Tower on a given frequency.

If you have elected to have Michelle conduct the landing, simply say, for example,

    "Prepare to make a Visual Approach on Runway 15"
She will respond with something like,

    "Roger. I am turning the aircraft towards the Approach Entry Point"
    "I have set the course to 152"

Contact Tower
After you answer the first few set up questions for the approach checklist, and Michelle takes over the approach procedures, then you can ask Michelle to...

    "Contact Toronto Tower" , or simply, "Contact Tower"
The Tower will say something like, "Pacifica 723. Toronto Tower. Continue runway 15. Altimeter 2998". In response, you say to Michelle...
    "Acknowledge Pattern Entry Instructions", or simply, "Acknowledge"


Get local weather
After contacting the Tower, you can get the local weather by asking Michelle to...

    "Get local weather"
After you have finished listening to the report, you say...

    "I have the weather"
and she will automatically switch back to the Tower frequency.


Final Approach
At approximately 2,000 feet AGL, the Tower will say something like, "Pacifica 723. Cleared to land runway 2 4 Left." You respond by saying to Michelle...

    "Acknowledge Landing Clearance", or simply, "Acknowledge".


After Landing
After you make your way off of the runway, the Tower controller will instruct you to contact Ground operations. In response, you ask Michelle to...

    "Acknowledge hand off"
Then you ask Michelle to...
    "Contact Ground
She will do so and report the frequency change.

Commercial Passenger Aircraft
If you are flying a commercial passenger aircraft like a Boeing 737, then you ask Michelle to...

    "Request taxi to the gate"
Ground will provide you with the gate assignment and the taxiing route. You ask Michelle to acknowledge the directive by saying,

    "Acknowledge taxi clearance", or, simply "Acknowledge"
Non-Commercial Aircraft
If you are flying a non-commercial aircraft like a Learjet or a small General Aviation (GA) aircraft, then you ask Michelle to...
    "Request taxi to general aviation parking", or, "Request taxi to parking"
Ground will provide you with the parking spot and the taxiing route. You ask Michelle to acknowledge the directive by saying,

    "Acknowledge taxi clearance", or, simply "Acknowledge"

SimpleATC Command Set

IMPORTANT NOTES:

  1. You can substitute the word "Acknowledge" with the word "Recognise" throughout these instructions.

  2. You can use the phrase "Try again" to repeat an ATC acknowledgement in the event of a radio communication collision with.other aircraft.

    "Acknowledge"
    "Acknowledge approach clearance"
    "Acknowledge assigned approach"
    "Acknowledge hand off"
    "Acknowledge instruction"
    "Acknowledge IFR clearance"
    "Acknowledge landing clearance"
    "Acknowledge take off clearance"
    "Acknowledge taxi clearance"
    "Announce take off intentions"
    "Announce taxi intentions"
    "Contact controller"
    "Contact Ground"
    "Contact local traffic"
    "Contact next controller"
    "Contact Tower"
    "Execute going around"
    "Get A T I S"
    "Get A T I S" (pronounced "get eight is")
    "Get local weather"
    "I have the weather"
    "Load the ILS approach frequency for runway XX"
    "Progressive taxi off"
    "Progressive taxi on"
    "Request full stop landing"
    "Request taxi to general aviation parking"
    "Request taxi to parking"
    "Taxi into position and hold"
    "We have the weather"
















































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